Human civilization is full of some of the world’s greatest inventions. Without years of innovation and innovation collected, human civilization would not have reached its present state. Despite the many innovations, not all have been effective.
Some inventions opened up new worlds and changed the way things are done. The following are 10 of the largest innovations that we believe have had the greatest impact on human civilization.
10. The Wheel
Despite its seeming simplicity, the wheel is one of the most influential in human history. Founded in Mesopotamia around 3500 BC, the original purpose of the wheel was to facilitate the creation of earthenware vessels.
After that, the tire was fitted to the carts, permanently changing the way people move and deliver goods. Since modern tires are based on the same concept, it is safe to say that this is an invention that has been around for thousands of years.
9. Optical Lens
When we talk about light lenses, we are talking about innovations with countless applications. Without optical lenses, many of the technologies we have today would not be realistic.
After the invention of ancient Egypt, optical lens technology opened the way for the invention of such things as telescopes, microscopes, and cameras.
Prior to the establishment of the campus, the skills of explorers were extremely limited. Before the invention of the compass, sailors would have to rely on star-shaped objects to navigate. Since gazing at those stars was not always possible, exploring the oceans was extremely dangerous.
After the Chinese founded Compass about 300 BC, explorers were able to explore other distances with great confidence. Despite not being established by its current form, the original concept is still the same today.
The generation and use of electricity as we know it today has been the result of ongoing efforts over the years. From ancient Egypt and Greece to Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Edison, getting electricity to power our cities and gadgets was a long journey.
Since electricity is so powerful in everything, we use today in one way or another, it is an invention that has had a profound effect on shaping human civilization as we know it today.
6. Steam Engines
Steam engines were at the heart of the industrial revolution. Without steam engines, industrial change and the impact it has had on human civilization would not have been possible. Everything from trains, ships, and all factories was powered by this technology.
The invention of the steam engine in its “mature” state was approved by the well-known Scottish Founder, James Watt. Despite the fact that Watt supported his work in the previous efforts of other scientists, he is the man in charge of the steam engine as we know it today.
Before the invention of airplanes, long-distance travel was a completely different process. Combining large distances by car, train, or even ship was not easy until the Wright Brothers arrived.
In 1903, the Wright brothers succeeded in building an airplane that laid the groundwork for the subsequent aviation revolution. This not only made travel easier – and safer, it allowed the world to be more connected and made what seemed to be far closer.
4. Wireless Telegraphy
Wireless telegraphy changed the way people transmitted information. Before the idea of a wireless telephone became a reality, it would take days or weeks to get the message across. The transfer of any kind of information from one place to another was a very slow and impossible process.
After Alfred Vail and Samuel Morse created the fast-paced telecommunications system, Guglielmo Marconi laid the foundation for the wireless communication that later became the radio we know today.
Prior to the introduction of vaccines, humans were more susceptible to all kinds of diseases. At times, those diseases killed thousands or even paralyzed them for life. With vaccination, many of those diseases were completely eradicated and people could be vaccinated against them.
The invention of vaccines as we know them today is said to have been made by Louis Pasteur, who — in addition to developing vaccines — developed a well-known food safety system named after him and still used today.
2. Printing Machine
Prior to the invention of the printing press, copying the book was as laborious and expensive as it had to be done by hand. It would take days for the author or even months to make one copy of a book, making the information inaccessible to most people.
After the invention of the printing press in 1439 by Graham Johannes Gutenberg, mass production of books, newspapers, and other printed material became possible. This invention has greatly contributed to the dissemination of all kinds of information among the people.
1. The Internet
After the advent of the internet, everything changed. The way people communicate, trade, banks, information, politics, use of the media and anything else you can think of has changed dramatically. Thanks to unprecedented internet connections, the whole world has become a very small village.
Despite the idea that “internet” existed from the 1960s as a project by the US Department of Defense, it was not until the 90s that the idea became commonplace and changed the world in the system.